White Paper: Stand Your Ground Laws

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Stand Your Ground

  •  A majority of states now have some form of Stand Your Ground Law
  • The most consistent finding of academic studies is that Stand Your Ground laws increase homicides
  • The overwhelming majority of academic studies find no deterrence effect on crime.
  • Stand Your Ground laws exacerbate racial discrepancies in whether a homicide is considered justifiable.
  • Most defendants in Stand Your Ground cases had previous criminal records, and many had been previously accused of violent crimes.
  • Most defendants could have safely retreated from the conflict without utilizing lethal force.

 

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White Paper: Guns and Women

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Guns and Women

  • In the United States in 2016, 5,664 female firearm deaths were recorded – 3,291 suicides and 2,202 homicides. (The remainder were undetermined, unintentional, or legal intervention.)
  • Access to firearms increases the risk of being a homicide victim more for women than men.
  • The increased homicide risk for women is largely a product of intimate partner homicides.
  • A gun in the home quintuples the risk of domestic violence turning lethal.
  • A gun in the home increases the severity of nonfatal domestic violence.
  • Domestic violence restraining orders that temporarily prohibit gun ownership by the aggressor significantly reduce overall intimate partner homicide.

 

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White Paper: Gun Ownership and Homicide

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Guns and Homicide

  • There were 14,415 firearm homicides in the US in 2016
  • Firearms make violent crime more lethal
  • The US has significantly higher rates of homicide than other developed nations
  • High gun ownership states have significantly higher firearm and overall homicide rates
  • The presence of firearms increases the non-stranger homicide rate, but not the stranger homicide rate
  • Police officers are at greater danger of homicide in states with higher gun ownership

 

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White Paper: The Frequency of Defensive Gun Use

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Defensive Gun Use

  • There are 3 major estimates of Defensive Gun Use (DGU) frequency per year:
    • Gary Kleck and private surveys: approximately 2.5 million.
    • National Crime Victimization Survey: approximately 100,000.
    • Gun Violence Archive (based on police and media reports): less than 2,000.
  • Surveys of rare events such as DGUs exaggerate their frequency due to false positives.
  • While methodologically better, the NCVS estimate also suffers from false positives and is therefore likely an overestimate as well.
  • Several of the crime predictions from Kleck’s survey are mathematically impossible, such as DGUs during burglaries and criminals being shot.
  • Comprehensive empirical data (such as GVA’s) trumps survey data when they provide conflicting results.

 

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White Paper: Gun Laws and Suicide

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Guns And Suicide

  • Aside from buybacks and laws that directly reduce gun ownership, firearm laws can only have an effect on the suicide rate of populations not previously exposed to firearms.
  • Most firearm laws are not passed with reducing suicides as their primary intent, thereby attenuating any relationship between said laws and suicide reduction.
  • Laws passed in Israel and Switzerland designed to limit suicides among soldiers by reducing gun access have seen significant results among the target population.
  • States with stricter gun laws in the US, particularly Permit-to-Purchase laws, see significantly lower rates of overall suicide, with little evidence of a substitution effect from firearms to other means.
  • Australia’s gun buyback and suite of other reforms in 1996 resulted in a significant reduction in suicides according to multiple studies.

 

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White Paper: Gun Ownership and Suicide

By: GVP Admin | Posted on: Categories Guns And Suicide

  • There were 22,938 firearm suicides in the US in 2016
  • Firearms are the most lethal significant means of suicide with an 82.5% fatality rate, versus a fatality rate of 4% for all suicide attempts.
  • Lethality matters, as approximately 90% of individuals don’t attempt suicide again.
  • Even with a 100% substitution rate for suicide attempts (switching from firearms to an alternative means), the completed suicide rate would still go down as firearms are more lethal.
  • Attempting suicide is usually an impulsive decision (70% decide within an hour).
  • Firearm availability is the only plausible factor to explain the significant difference in suicide rates.

 

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