The Relationship Between Crime and Stop, Question, and Frisk Rates in New York City Neighborhoods

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The Relationship Between Crime and Stop, Question, and Frisk Rates in New York City Neighborhoods

Category: Behavior, Crime, Firearm Availability|Journal: Justice Quarterly (full text)|Author: R Fornango, R Rosenfeld|Year: 2017

The current study builds on prior research in an analysis of the relationship between monthly violent and property crime rates in New York City census tracks and the New York City Police Department’s highly contentious stop, question, and frisk (SQF) policy. We find that higher doses of SQF are associated with small crime reductions generally and specific crime reductions for stops of blacks, Hispanics, and whites. But the way the policy was implemented precludes strong causal conclusions. Now that a federal court has intervened and SQF is undergoing change, the court monitor, New York Police Department, and city officials should partner with researchers in experimental evaluations to determine the optimal mix and dosage of enforcement strategies that safeguard the rights and liberties of citizens while enhancing public safety.

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