Re-Considering the Structural Covariates of Gun Crime: An Examination of Direct and Moderated Effects

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Re-Considering the Structural Covariates of Gun Crime: An Examination of Direct and Moderated Effects

Category: Crime, Firearm Availability, Homicide, Injury|Journal: Deviant Behavior|Author: R Dierenfeldt, R Roles, T Brown|Year: 2016

The prevalence of gun violence in the U.S. has resulted in extensive examination of structural covariates of gun crime. The potential influence of institutionally isolated youth and illegal gun availability remains unexplored. Similarly, studies that simultaneously examine the influence of structural disadvantage and Southern culture are scant. We examine the relationships between these measures and gun crime in a sample of U.S. cities (N = 189) through negative binomial regression of data from the NIBRS and ACS. We find illegal gun availability and structural disadvantage maintain direct relationships with city-level gun crime counts. We also report several significant moderated relationships.

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