Geodemographic analysis of pediatric firearm injuries in Miami, FL

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Geodemographic analysis of pediatric firearm injuries in Miami, FL

Category: Injury, Youth|Journal: Journal of Pediatric Surgery|Author: A Cioci, E Perez, E Urrechaga, H Ford, H Quiroz, J Stoler, K Quinn, M Sussman, V Nunez, Y Rodriguez|Year: 2021

Purpose

Firearm injuries (GSW) are a growing public health concern and leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children, yet predictors of injury remain understudied. This study examines the correlates of pediatric GSW within our county.

 

Methods

We retrospectively queried an urban Level 1 trauma center registry for pediatric (0–18 years) GSW from September 2013 to January 2019, examining demographic, clinical, and injury information. We used a geographic information system to map GSW rates and perform spatial and spatiotemporal cluster analysis to identify zip code “hot spots.”

 

Results

393 cases were identified. The cohort was 877% male, 87% African American, 10% Hispanic, and 22% Caucasian/Other. Injuries were 92% violence-related and 4% accidental, with 63% occurring outside school hours. Mortality was 12%, with 53% of deaths occurring in the resuscitation unit. Zip-level GSW rates ranged from 0 to 9 (per 1000 < 18 years) by incident address and 0–6 by home address. Statistically significant hot spots were in predominantly underserved African American and Hispanic neighborhoods.

 

Conclusions

Geodemographic analysis of pediatric GSW injuries can be utilized to identify at-risk neighborhoods. This methodology is applicable to other metropolitan areas where targeted interventions can reduce the burden of gun violence among children.

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