Examining the relationship between the prevalence of guns and homicide rates in the USA using a new and improved state-level gun ownership proxy

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Examining the relationship between the prevalence of guns and homicide rates in the USA using a new and improved state-level gun ownership proxy

Category: Firearm Availability, Homicide|Journal: Injury Prevention|Author: C KIng III, C Ross, M Siegel|Year: 2014

Determining the relationship between gun ownership levels and firearm homicide rates is critical to inform public health policy. Previous research has shown that state-level gun ownership, as measured by a widely used proxy, is positively associated with firearm homicide rates. A newly developed proxy measure that incorporates the hunting license rate in addition to the proportion of firearm suicides correlates more highly with state-level gun ownership. To corroborate previous research, we used this new proxy to estimate the association of state-level gun ownership with total, firearm, and non-firearm homicides. Using state-specific data for the years 1981-2010, we modelled these rates as a function of gun ownership level, controlling for potential confounding factors. We used a negative binomial regression model and accounted for clustering of observations among states. We found that state-level gun ownership as measured by the new proxy, is significantly associated with firearm and total homicides but not with non-firearm homicides.

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