Demographics and incident location of gunshot wounds at a single Level I trauma center

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Demographics and incident location of gunshot wounds at a single Level I trauma center

Category: Injury, Suicide|Journal: Kansas Journal of Medicine (full text)|Author: B Benton, D Watson, E Ablah, H Okut, J Haan, K Lightwine, R Lusk, T Bui|Year: 2021

Introduction

Kansas has seen a steady increase in the rate of firearm deaths and injuries. Little is known surrounding the demographic and geospatial factors of these firearm-related traumas. The purpose of this study was to describe the overall incidence of firearm-related traumas, identify high injury locations, and examine any racial/ethnic disparities that may exist.

 

Methods

A retrospective review was conducted of all patients 14 years or older who were admitted with a gunshot wound (GSW) to a Level I trauma center between 2016 and 2017.

 

Results

Forty-nine percent of patients were Caucasian, 26.5% African American, and 19.6% Hispanic/Latino. Hispanic/Latino patients were the youngest (25.8 ± 8.8 years) and Caucasians were the oldest (34.3 ± 14.1 years, p = 0.002). Compared to Caucasian patients, African American (42.0%) and Hispanic/Latino (54.1%) patients were more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU; p = 0.034) and experienced longer ICU lengths of stay (2.5 ± 6.3 and 2.4 ± 4.7 days, p = 0.031, respectively). African American patients (96.0%) experienced more assaults, while Caucasians were more likely to receive gunshot wounds accidentally (26.9%, p = 0.001). More African American (86.0%) and Hispanic/Latino (89.2%) patients were injured with a handgun and Caucasians sustained the highest percentage of shotgun/rifle related injuries (16.1%, p = 0.012). Most GSWs occurred in zip codes 67202, 67203, 67213, 67211, and 67214. Geographical maps indicated that GSWs occur in neighborhoods with low-income and high minority residents and in the downtown and nightclub areas of the city.

 

Conclusions

Most GSW victims were older Caucasian males. Racial differences were noted and injury locations concentrated in certain locations.

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