Association of State Firearm Legislation With Female Intimate Partner Homicide

GVPedia Study Database

Association of State Firearm Legislation With Female Intimate Partner Homicide

Category: Domestic Violence, Firearm Policies, Homicide|Journal: American Journal of Preventative Medicine (full text)|Author: J Sivaraman, K Moracco, S Marshall, S Ranapurwala|Year: 2019

There were 1,693 female intimate partner homicide deaths in the 16 states during 2010–2014; 67% were homicide-only intimate partner homicide. The number of state-level legislative provisions related to firearm restrictions ranged from four (Alaska) to 95 (Massachusetts). The intimate partner homicide rate in states with zero to 39 provisions was 1.16 per 100,000 person years (95% CI=1.10, 1.22) and in states with >40 provisions was 0.68 per 100,000 person years (95% CI=0.61, 0.72). The incidence of female intimate partner homicide was 56% lower in states with ≥40 legislative provisions (adjusted incidence rate ratio=0.44, 95% CI=0.28, 0.68), relative to states with zero to 39 provisions. This protective association was stronger for homicide-only intimate partner homicide than homicide–suicide intimate partner homicide.

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