An assessment of the intended and unintended consequences of Arizona’s Self-Defense, Home Protection Act

Category: Crime, Firearm Policies, Homicide, Stand Your Ground & Castle Doctrine|Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice (full text)|Author: M Chamlin|Posted On: January 01,2014

On 24 April 2006 the Governor of Arizona signed into law a series of amendments to Title 13 of the Arizona Revised Statutes (Senate Bill 1145 2006). A key feature of this legislation, the so-called ‘stand your ground’ provision, states that individuals have no duty to retreat before opting to use deadly physical force to thwart the commission of a variety of violent offenses (Senate Bill 1145, Section 13–411 2006). The purpose of the study is to determine whether or not the modification of the criteria for the justification for the use of deadly force by civilians achieved its manifest goal of making individuals more capable of resisting violent crime or had the unintended consequence of increasing the likelihood that individuals would experience a violent death. The interrupted time series analyses indicate that, contrary to legislative intent, the implementation of Arizona’s Self-Defense, Home Protection Act made life more dangerous for those living within the state.