An analysis of firearms-related deaths between 1993-2010: a retrospective study

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An analysis of firearms-related deaths between 1993-2010: a retrospective study

Category: Homicide, International, Suicide|Journal: Ulus Travma Acil Cerr Derg (full text)|Author: M Durusu, M Eroglu, M Eryilmaz, M Toygar, T Turker, U Kaldirim, Y Eyi, Y Poyrazoglu|Year: 2013

Background

Firearm injuries (FI) are the most common cause of death among military personnel. In this study, postmortem examination and autopsy records of deaths resulting from firearm injuries recorded in the Department of Forensic Medicine of Gulhane Military Medical Academy between 1993-2010 were examined retrospectively. METHODS: We evaluated the characteristics of 153 firearm deaths accounting for 36.6% of all medical-legal autopsies. The cases included 152 men (99.3%) and 1 woman (0.7%).

 

Results

The mean age of the cases was 23.1 years (±4.7; range, 20-43 years). The manner of death was determined in all cases with 41.8% of cases identified as suicide and 39.9% as homicide. The most common sites of firearm entrance wounds were the head and neck region (n=109, 71.2%), the chest (n=26, 17%), or the abdomen (n=14, 9.2%). The type of firearm was not clear in most cases.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, complete forensic and medical records will facilitate the rapid and accurate conclusion of the legal process and will enhance future retrospective studies.

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